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Lakes Of Udaipur
     

  | Pichhola Lake | Fateh Sagar Lake | Udai Sagar Lake | Jaisamand Lake | Badi Lake | Rajsamand Lake |

     

Pichhola Lake

 


Location

Built By

Built In

How to Reach


Besides Udaipur City Palace

Pichhu Banjara

1362

One can easily reach Lake Pichola either by taking Local buses, Tongas, auto-rickshaws and taxis from the city.

 

Oldest Lake of Udaipur that is known for its picturesque background
lake pichhola


Pichola Lake is one of the most beautiful and picturesque lakes of Rajasthan, India. Located in the heart of the city, Pichola Lake is the oldest and one of the largest lakes of Udaipur. In 1362, the beautiful lake was built by Pichhu Banjara during the ruling period of Maharana Lakha. Talking about the dimensions of Pichhola Lake, it is extended to 3 miles in length, 2 miles in width and has depth of 30 feet.

In 1560, a year after Maharana Udai Singh II began building his new capital of Udaipur around the shore, he strengthened the dam and greatly enlarged the lake. Maharana Udai Singh II significantly distended the gorgeous Lake Pichhola as a defense measure, when he founded Udaipur.

Cradled amongst hills, gardens, havellis, temples and ghats, Lake Pichhola is the picturesque spotlight of Udaipur.

At the northern end of the lake is the old town with its ghats and ceremonial ghat where the Gangaur Festival was celebrated with fireworks and illuminations. The height of the dam is 15.24 m. in the Badi Pol area. Along its eastern shore sprawls the massive CITY PALACE. South of this is the hill known as MACHHALA MAGRA where part of the old city wall and the small fort of Eklinggarh can still be seen. Beyond this is the SHIKARBADI HOTEL, once the Khasi Odi, or hunting lodge, of the Maharanas. When full, Pichola Lake covers an area of almost 1.5 sq. km.

Rudyard Kipling mentioned this lake in his Letters of Marque (1899), "If the Venetian owned the Pichola Lake, he might say with justice, `see it and die'". The beauty of Lake Pichola attracts people from all over the world. One can undeniably say for Pichola that once, if you see this lake, you would definitely fall in love with it. The mesmerizing beauty of Lake Pichola makes it worth visiting during your visit to Udaipur.

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Fateh Sagar Lake

 


Location

Built By

Built In

How to Reach

 


In the north of Lake Pichola & north-west of Udaipur

Maharana Jai Singh

1678

One can easily reach Fatehsagar Lake either by taking local buses, Tongas, auto-rickshaws and taxis from the city.

 


A lake with three beautiful islands dotted by hills and woodlands

fateh sagar lake


Fateh Sagar Lake is the second artificial lake of Udaipur, the first being Jaisamand lake. It was originally built by Maharana Jai Singh in the year 1678 AD, but later on reconstructed and extended by Maharana Fateh Singh, As lot of destruction was caused by heavy rains.

It lies immediately to the north of, and connected by a canal to Pichhola Lake, which had been established by Maharana Udai Singh II a century earlier. Fateh Sagar is 2.4 km. long, 1.6 km. wide and 11.5 m. at its deepest point; when full, it covers an area of about 1 sq. km., being fed by the Ahar (Berach) river.It has three intake channels and an overflow channel for the rainy season. The main causeways to the lake are from Pichola Lake, Madar Lake, and Badi Lake.

Northeastern embankment has three names, the Pal, the Drive, or Connaught Bund (embankment or breakwater). Along it is the entrance to Moti Magri hill, on the summit of which is a landscaped park with the Maharana Pratap Memorial. Three small islands grace Fateh Sagar, the largest being Nehru Park, a popular garden island with a boat shaped restaurant and zoo, which is reached by inboard motor boats from the bottom of Moti Magri Hill. The Government of Rajasthan made the second island into a public park with a spectacular water-jet fountain, and the third houses the Udaipur Solar Observatory(USO), the largest in Asia. A peaceful spot not far from the city centre, the lake is a popular leisure area for picnics and water recreation in hired pedal boats.

It is possible to drive around the complete circumference of the lake via Moti Magri Road, Fateh Sagar Drive, and Rani Road, a serpentine route that provides beautiful views of the lake as well as the encircling Aravalli Hills. This twisting route would present stunning views of the lake as well as the encompassing Aravalli Hills. Fateh Sagar Lake is a nice place to explore and tourists certainly come to enjoy the tranquil beauty of this lake.

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Udai Sagar Lake
 


Location

Built By

Built In

How to Reach


13 kms in the east of Udaipur, On Berach River

Maharana Udai Singh

During 1559 - 1565

One can easily reach Udai Sagar Lake either by taking Regular buses, auto-rickshaws or by hiring taxis from the city.

 
Udai Sagar Lake is another striking lake that falls under the category of five lakes of Udaipur.
 


Udai Sagar Lake is another striking lake that falls under the category of five lakes of Udaipur. Udaisagar Lake is located at a distance of about 13 kms in the east of Udaipur. The construction of this lake was started in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh and got completed in 1565. Udai Sagar Lake extends to 4 km in length 2.5 km in width and deep to the extent of 9 meters at the maximum. Actually, Udai Sagar Lake was the result of a dam that took its start in 1559.

Maharana Udai Singh constructed this dam on Berach River, to ensure adequate supply of water in his kingdom. Dam at Udaisagar Lake drains about 479 sq km of the country and covers an area of 10.5 sq kms. It has a storage capacity of 23.4 milli cubic meter. To manage the overflowing lake during rainy season, one channel has been made connecting to Berach River. Today, the water of this lake is used in the zinc smelter close to Debari. The lake usually has plenty of water with the exception of lean years.

In 1573, Maharana Pratap Singh was invited by Kunwar Man Singh on the banks of Udai Sagar Lake to talk about the surrendering terms and conditions to Akbar (Mughal Emperor). The invitation was declined by Pratap Singh and he even insulted Man Singh. This incident led to the Battle of Haldighati in 1576. Later, Maharana Raj Singh conquered the army of Emperor Aurangzeb near the embankment of Udai Sagar Lake. People visit this lake to enjoy the serene waters of this lake.

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Jaisamand Lake
 


Location

Built By

Built In

How to Reach


52 kms southeast of Udaipur

Maharana Jai Singh

1685

One can easily reach Jaisamand Lake either by taking regular buses or by hiring taxis from the city.

 
Second largest artificial lake in Asia
jaisamand lake


Jaisamand Lake is renowned for being the second largest artificial lake in Asia. Located at a distance of 52 kms southeast from the city of Udaipur, Jaisamand Lake is also known as Dhebar, a dhebar being a catchment area. Jaisamand, or more correctly Jaisamudra Lake, covers an area of 50 sq. km. and has a circumference of nearly 88 km. it is 14-15 km. long, its breadth varies from 1.6 km. to 10 km. wide, and reaches a depth of 30 m. It holds about 560 million cubic metres of water, with a catchment area of 1787 sq. km., its western hills having considerable elevation.

The lake generally remains full, except in periods of extended drought when its level becomes dangerously low. The dam itself measures 330 m. in length and 35 m. in height.

Until the building of the Aswan Dam in Egypt, Jaisamand Lake remained the largest artificial lake in the world.The dam on this lake is worth mentioning due to its massive size. It is 1202 feet in length, 116 feet in height and width of 70 feet at the bottom. The kings of Mewar were religious by nature and this is conformed by the fact that this dam has a Shiva temple. Centrally located, this temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.

On the day of its inauguration, June 2 1691, Maharana Jai Singh walked around the dam charitably distributing gold equal to his own weight. Along the embankment, Jai Singh built six chhatris or domed pavilions in white marble with finely embroidered elephants in front of the quadrangular Shiva temple in the centre of the embankment. There are two palaces, one being the Hawa Mahal (Palace of the Breeze), the other was a pleasure palace, the Rang Kunwar. The lake has seven natural islands, the largest being Bada Island, which is inhabited by Bhils and other tribals.

Jaisamand Lake is close to the sanctuary that serves habitat to various types of birds, panthers, leopards, deer, wild boars and crocodiles. Once, these woods used to form the hunting ground of the erstwhile rulers of Mewar. In 1957, Jaisamand Sanctuary was built to cover an area of 62sqkm. This sanctuary hails a large variety of resident and migratory birds and animals. In the present date, it has been converted into a game sanctuary.

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Badi Lake
 


Location

Built By

Built In

How to Reach


12 kms from Udaipur

Maharana Raj Singh I

1684

One can easily reach Badi Lake either by taking regular buses or by hiring taxis from the city.


 
The lake covers an area of 155 sq. km. and has an embankment 180 m.
badi lake


A lake in the village of Badi built at a cost of Rs. 688,000 (Lakh 6,88,000) by Maharana Raj Singh I (1652-1680) to counteract the devastating effects of a famine. He named it Jiyan Sagar after his mother Jana Devi. The lake covers an area of 155 sq. km., and has an embankment 180 m. long and 18 m. wide, which is graced by three artistic chhatris (kiosks or pavilions). During the drought of 1973, the lake supplied water to the people of Udaipur.

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Rajsamand Lake
 


Location

Built By

Built In

How to Reach


66 kms in the north of Udaipur

Maharana Raj Singh

1660

One can easily reach Rajsamand Lake either by taking regular buses or by hiring taxis from the city.

 
Ornamented embankment made in stunning white marble
rajsamand lake


Rajsamand Lake (also known as Rajsamudra Lake) is situated at a distance of 66 kms. in the north of Udaipur. Rajsamand Lake was built by Maharana Raj Singh in 1660. The lake is approximately 1.75 miles wide, 4 miles long and 60 feet deep. The lake was built across the Gomati, Kelwa and Tali River, with a catchment area of approximately 508 sq. km.

At its southern end, there is a 1100 foot long white stone embankment 40 feet in height, containing imense marble steps. The lake was used as relief effort by Maharana Raj Singh, ruler of Mewar, to provide jobs to the victims of a wide spread drought and femine. The lake also provided irrigation for the arable land in the vicinity that had been ravaged by drought.

On the embankment of the lake, there domicile nine pavilions or 'Nauchowki', which were constructed by Maharana Raj Singh. The beautifully carved pavilions are festooned with pictures of the Sun, chariots, Gods, birds and wonderful carvings. The history of Mewar is inscribed in 1017 stanzas, on twenty seven marble slabs, that are called as 'Raj Prasasti'. It has also been acclaimed as one of the longest etchings acknowledged in India.

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